What is Bail?
The word bail is derived from the old French verb baillier which means to give or deliver. Bail in English common law is the freeing or setting at liberty of one arrested or imprisoned upon any action either civil or criminal, on surety taken for his appearance on certain day and a placed named. The surety is termed bailer because the person arrested or imprisoned is placed in the custody of those who bind themselves or become bailer for his due appearance when required.
What is Bail Bond?
According to section 497, 498, 498-A and section 502 crpc relate to the bail petition as well as the submission of bail bonds, before any person is released on bail or released on his own bond, a bond for such sum of money as the Police officer or court as the case may be, think sufficient is liable to be executed by such person. If the case so requires the bond shall also bind the person released on bail to appear when called upon at the High court, court of session or other court to answer the charge.
Section 499 crpc contemplates two cases when the accused is released on bail. The execution of bond by the accused is imperative and in the case of release of the accused on bail, a bond by the surety has to be executed in addition.
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