FIR /First Information Report

Meaning of FIR

What is FIR?

First an abbreviation of first information report. The term first information report is construed as the earliest communication or intimation of crime to the state agency to set it in motion to undertake investigation. Such information irrespective of its brevity or length has to convey the relevant information pertaining to the nature and place of occurrence including the description of the victim of violence. Fir promptly lodged without consultation of police or tutoring by anyone.

Section 154 crpc provides that substance of every information relating to the commission of a cognizable offence if given to an officer incharge of a Police station shall be interred in a book to be kept by such officer in such form as the Provincial Govt. may prescribed in this behalf.

So far as non-cognizable offence is concerned section 155 crpc provides that substance of such information shall be interred in a book to be kept for such purpose and informant is to be referred to the magistrate.

Purpose of FIR

The purpose of FIR section 154 crpc is to give information of a cognizable offence to sho of the police station and to set machinery of law into motion, fate of accused nominated in fir cannot be solely decided on the allegation made in the fir.

Investigation and Taking Cognizance of an Offence

A perusal of chapter XIV of criminal procedure code reveals that undersection 154 crpc an officer incharge of Police station is duty to bound to register the fir if cognizable offence is committed. According to section 157 crpc he is required to send a copy of fir to the magistrate empowered to take cognizance if he feels that he is empowered to investigate the case under section156 crpc. under the said provision the officer incharge of a police station is authorized to investigate a cognizable offence without an order of the magistrate. For more info contact us at 0300-8500985 or click the link